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Lot 2 - «Deisis», Stroganov School, 16th century

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(Russia, late 16th century)

Stroganov School
Egg yolk tempera on wood
31 x 27 cm

Provenance: Burnov collection

The Deisis is a traditional iconic representation of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator, enthroned, carrying a book, and flanked by the Virgin Mary and St. John the Baptist.
The representation of the present Icon is a kind of enlarged version of Deisis, where the typical subjects are abreast by the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Sant Peter and Saint Paul.

The pictorial technique, of great delicacy, is proof of an accomplished science and great mastery.
The drawing, precise, is very accurate. The colors, in the tones retained and transparent, are raised by the gold laid by some slight brush strokes.
They shine with an immaterial brilliance and the whole scene seems to bathe in the golden light of the other world. The best qualities of the school Stroganov are gathered on this small icon.

Stroganov School (СтÑ€огановскаÑ_xFFFE_ школа in Russian) is a conventional name for the last major Russian icon-painting school, which thrived under the patronage of the fabulously rich Stroganov family of merchants in the late 16th and 17th century.

Representing the last vital stage of Russian medieval painting before the westernization of Russian art at the end of the 17th century, the so-called Stroganov school produced not so much a coherent style as a type of icon.

The works of art of the Stroganov School have, in fact, quite a few features in common, such as small size, exquisite diminutiveness, refined palette (mostly achieved with half-tints, golden, and silver colors), density of paint layers, graphic precision of details, fragile and somewhat pretentious delicacy of characters' postures and gestures, richness of their vestments, and complicated fantasy of landscape background.

In its richness and refinement, the art of the Stroganov school reflected the tastes of royal and noble patrons. Working in a muted colour range dominated by golden brown, the Stroganov masters substituted for the colouristic brilliance of the earlier Russian tradition a lavish use of gold and silver linear highlights whose strongly abstract patterns matched the mannered fragility of the figures.
They embellished their icons with frames and halos of beaten gold and silver.
The naturalism proscribed by the church for major representations was ingeniously introduced by the Stroganov school in background details of architecture, vegetation, and even atmospheric effects. Finally, the Stroganov masters excelled at composition; though their works are very small and sometimes include many figures, they never appear crowded.

The Stroganov school remained influential until the end of the 17th century, but after about 1650 it gradually declined and lost its refinement.
The foundation of the new capital of St. Petersburg in 1703 by Tsar Peter I the Great marked a turning point in Russian art: although icon painting continued to follow the Russo-Byzantine tradition throughout the 19th century, the major artistic activity shifted to secular art and Europe’s Baroque style.
Very fine.

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Thème : Art religieux Ajouter ce thème à mes alertes